Akdeniz Üniversitesi

EPIGRAPHIC AND HISTORICAL-GEOGRAPHIC FIELD SURVEY ON THE ROAD NETWORK IN LYCIA AND PAMPHYLIA

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THE IMPORTANCE OF THE ROADS

Roads were of great importance in antiquity as they are today. The importance of the roads, especially for the military and for trade, can be recognized from the following facts:

  • ADMINISTRATION and MILITARY
    • The imperial control over the whole empire
    • Enabling the safe and rapid communication between the central authority and subsidiary nodes.
    • The rapid, measurable movement of soldiers and military necessities.
    • Rapid access to military garrisons and those places where a military operation was required.
    • Enabling the safe and fast transportation of figures such as: governors, other imperial officials, military officers, to their places of duty.
  • LOCAL WELFARE
    • Economic and socio-cultural developments achieved through providing ease of access to settlements
    • Enabling outward-oriented interconnected growth of settlements
  • ECONOMY
    • Facilitating trade between provinces and between settlements
    • Enabling the fast and safe transportation of goods both imported and those exported
    • Easing the despatch of taxes and other revenue
  • SOCIO-CULTURAL RELATIONS
    • Facilitating travel
    • Facilitating the interconnectivity of settlements and individuals
    • Facilitating social mobility, including: education, meetings, visits, participation in religious, cultural and artistic activities, festivals etc.

  • RELIGION
    • Facilitating access to religious centres such as temples
    • Facilitating pilgrimage

THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS RESEARCH

  • Finding and recording the remains of the ancient roads recorded on the "Monument of Roads" at Patara
  • Classifying the roads according to their characteristic features
  • Investigating the connections of roads recorded on the Stadiasmus Patarensis to those roads unmentioned in the Stadiasmus Patarensis and comparing them and investigation their relations
  • Comparing the measurements recorded on the Monument of Roads to the actual distance
  • Finding the Roman milestones, which are important in terms of determining the routes, and comparing the data on these to that recorded on the "Monument of Roads" at Patara
  • Evaluating the evidence concerning graves, mansiones, mutationes and other road-related buildings that can provide indications to the course of roads.
  • Localizing those named places that are documented in literary or epigraphic sources with indications of the settlements on the ground
  • Determining differences between those settlements mentioned and unmentioned in the "Monument of Roads" at Patara and their relative political status
  • Attampting to determine the economic and social changes that might have resulted from road construction, re-construction and renovation
  • Publishing the results of this research in both reports and academic articles