Akdeniz Üniversitesi

solbosSP 3a
solbosSP 5a




Fatma AVCUStatus and Territories of Settlements: Stadiasmus Patarensis and the Example of Lycia [Original Turkish title: Eskiçağ’da Yerleşim Statüleri ve Teritoryumları: Stadiasmus Patarensis ve Lykia Örneği], PhD thesis, submitted in 2019; Supervisor: Prof. Fatih ONUR, Akdeniz University - Institute of Social Sciences.

ABSTRACT: The monument of Stadiasmus Patarensis, which was found at Patara after a fire in 1993 and is dated to Claudian period (46 A.D.), contains important information concerning the road network in Lycia and illuminates the ancient Lycian geography, which covers today Teke peninsula and preserves its characteristic features with its quite mountainous structure in ancient times. This ancient geography contains its own culturel, economical and politics elements as is the case for the other regions. In this context the roads made a major contribution of a lively economical environment to the cities and other settlements for their politics and economic developments. The primary material, Stadiasmus Patarensis, provide hints concerning the status of the settlements and their teritorial relations in Early Empire. In the monument there are 52 settlement names and 65 roads were recorded, basically given as from (ἀπό) one city to (εἰς) another one. And the roads given in the monument lead from one city to another through the territories of the settlements that are associated with relevant road entry. If the road passed through the land of another settlement other than the destination and origin, SP gives the name of this settlement by employing the preposition διά. In the field surveys, conducted until 2015, this territorial subject matter and connection with the roads were not taken into consideration. Thereafter, the surveys have been conducted within the frame of this perspective and the results of earlier investigations have been revised on occasion. This dissertation study aims to understand the status and the politic organizations of the settelements in the region of Lycia and to determine the possible boundaries of the settlement territories and changes in these boundaries in the course of time in antiquity, examining the western part of the region, which contains Patara, Xanthos, Sidyma, Tlos, Pinara, Telmessus, Cadyanda and Araxa, as a case study. Except for SP, the other epigraphical materials, like milestones and epitaphs have been employed as the sources of this work. Amongst these sources, the epitaphs, which bear information concerning a fine to be paid to official institutions in return of a violation against the tomb, have been of importance in the pursuit of determining the territorial areas of the settlements.

Büşra KARABULUTOktapolis in Western Lycia [Original Turkish title: Batı Lykia Coğrafyasında Oktapolis], Master thesis, submitted in 2018; Supervisor: Prof. Fatih ONUR, Akdeniz University - Institute of Social Sciences; YÖK Thesis No.: 522700

ABSTRACT: Octapolis, which is located in the inner part of the Gulf of Fethiye in north-west Lycia bordering Caria, is recorded sometimes as the name of a region, sometimes as a political community of cities, and sometimes as a settlement, in the epigraphic and literary sources. In the 2nd or 1st centuries B.C. an urban organisation was formed between settlements in the vicinity which is recorded in Hippoukome’s bath inscription. On the other hand, it was thought that Octapolis, which is recorded amongst the cities in the vicinity of Mount Kragos by Ptolemaios, could have been a politicial community of cities formed by eight settlements known from the two inscriptions from Kızılkaya. Thus, the idea that this community of cities centered in Kızılkaya, was formed of the settlements mentioned in Hippoukome’s bath inscription, has arisen. However, it was also thought that Octapolis might be the name of a region, due to the form of its name on the Monumentum Patarensis. In addition, the fact that Octapolis has an ethnicon in epigraphic sources creates the idea that it may have been the name of a city at a certain period. In which periods and according to which sources is Octapolis to be identified as either, a region, or a community of settlements, or a settlement, or polis? What does its name indicate? In this study, through examining the epigraphic and literary sources, an attempt is made to answer these question.

 Fatma AVCUFines in the funerary Inscriptions of Lycia and Fine Collection Agents [Original Turkish title: Lykia Bölgesi Mezar Yazıtlarında Cezalar ve Ceza Tahsil Kurumları],Master thesis, submitted in 2014; Supervisor: Prof. Fatih ONUR, Akdeniz University - Institute of Social Sciences; YÖK Thesis No.: 363432

ABSTRACT: It's known that epitaphs comprise the largest quantity of surviving epigraphical material. In general an epitaph contains the following these informations: the name of the founder of the grave, for whom the grave was built, the persons who have the right to be buried, the fathers' names of these persons, sometimes their birth place, and their career or offi-cal/unofficial duties, the length of their life at times, the cause of death etc. From light cast by the information in these epitaphs, important understandings can be reached concerning the social, cultural, economic, religious and geographical fabricof antiquity. Moreover, these epitaphs also are the basic texts for studies concerning onomastic and human relations. Apart from these, generally these inscriptions have an expression that castsa malediction or gives some penalties which have to be paid to some institutions, if the grave is violated. The institutions are varied. However, in general the fine has to be paid to an offical institutions such as: demos, fiscus, polis, hierotaton tameion, temple and gerousia. How these institutions were chosen and who decided the size and receipent of the fine and of any curse is not obvious. In this study all the known inscriptions which carry a statement awarding a fine for the violation in Lycia are analyzed and fine collection agencies are described from the epigraphical evidence provided by the resources charts recording the distribution of these collection agencies by regions. The reason why Lycia was chosen as the study area is the the majority of the materials and Lycien old tradition. In this study all the known inscriptions which containing a statement of a fine have been gathered together. These 551 inscriptions have been entered into a database recording the collection agency, location of the epitaph and the amount of the fine. In consequence, these inscriptions have been separated into the groups on the basis of the fine recipient institution and region of the epitaph. Key words: Lycia, fine for grave, epitaphs, demos, polis, fiscus, hierotaton tameion, temple, gerousia, fine recipient institution.